Long Guns


In times of WROL (Without Rule Of Law), the long-range accuracy and power of a rifle is necessary to effectively combat the threats of domestic tyranny, foreign troops, roving gangs, looters and rioters. Shotguns also provide plenty of stopping power, but they share with handguns the characteristics of being short-range and limited in accuracy. Shotguns are typically carried into battle for the purpose of breaching doors - not for fighting the enemy, although they can be very useful in close quarters defensive situations. Aside from WROL, long guns are very useful for defense against dangerous animals in the wilderness - where they can be carried in times of ROL with little scrutiny from the unprepared. As with handguns, most states allow long-guns to be carried openly in civilization, however you will most likely end up having a discussion with the police if you choose to do so. Concealed carry permits typically do not allow an individual to carry concealed long guns, which would be difficult to do anyway without wearing a large coat that would attract unwanted attention more often than not. Therefore, it is best to keep your long gun stowed securely in your vehicle or at home during times of ROL and use your handgun to fight your way to it in the case of TEOTWAWKI. There are many types of rifles and shotguns. For our purposes, this page will focus on semi-automatic rifles, bolt-action rifles and pump-action 12-gauge shotguns - all of which are useful for the defense of our families, community and nation.


Semi-automatic rifles

• Primarily for intermediate-range defense against enemy forces and groups of outlaws

• Secondarily for offensive use during ambushes and raids

• Should be a make/model used by LE and MIL for ease of repair and commonality of ammo/mags

• Should accept detachable magazines for quick reloading

• Should have iron sights mounted and sighted-in regardless of whether or not optics are to be used


Bolt-action rifles

• Primarily for long-range precision purposes (defensively or offensively)

• Should be of a common caliber for acceptance of acquired ammo

• Should be of a caliber useful for long-range accuracy

• Should have a quality optic with a reticle that compensates for bullet-drop and windage


Pump-action shotguns

• Primarily for close-quarter defense and door-breaching

• Should be chambered in 12 gauge for commonality and effective muzzle energy

• Should have at least a 3" chamber to accept a wide variety of 12 gauge ammo

• Should have ghost-ring sights for propper aiming


Long guns chambered for common centerfire calibers are generally all sufficiently powerful for defensive purposes. Most rifle calibers are capable of accuracy over long ranges and can penetrate vehicles, non-masonry buildings and light armor with ease; with proper shot placement - some can even be used to disable vehicles. The .22 Long Rifle cartridge (a rimfire cartridge) can be fired in .22 LR-chambered rifles as well as in some centerfire rifles through the use of conversion kits for training purposes, small game hunting and "harassment" of enemy forces. The effective range of 12 gauge shotgun ammunition is about 50 yards for buckshot and 100 yards for slugs. Buchshot is useful for close-range area coverage, and slugs are useful for point shooting at longer distances. To prepare for WROL, it is very important to base your long gun caliber choices on commonality. The following cartridges are in widespread use in the United States and throughout the rest of the world:

.22 Long Rifle (American Eagle High-Velocity Copper-Plated HP)

• 38gr / 1280 fps / 138 ft.lbs.

• Most common cartridge worldwide, inexpensive

• CIV cartridge - target/small game - low power

• Penetration: TBD


.223 Remington / 5.56 NATO (Lake City XM885)

• 62gr / 3020 fps / 1256 ft.lbs.

• Extremely common worldwide (NATO standard), average-priced

• MIL cartridge - anti-personnel - intermediate power

• Penetration: 3.5mm armor steel @ 700m


7.62x39 Russian

• 122gr / 2356 fps / 1502 ft.lbs. (Russian 57-N-231)

• Extremely common worldwide (Soviet Bloc standard), average-priced

• MIL cartridge - anti-personnel - intermediate power

• Penetration: 3.5mm armor steel @ 300m


.308 Winchester / 7.62x51 NATO (Lake City M80)

• 147gr / 2733 fps / 2437 ft.lbs

• Very common worldwide (NATO standard), relatively expensive

• MIL cartridge - anti-personnel - high power

• Penetration: 3.5mm armor steel @ 700m


.30-06 Springfield (Lake City M2)

• 152gr / 2805 fps / 2655 ft.lbs.

• Common in U.S., relatively expensive

• MIL cartridge - anti-personnel - high power

• Penetration: 3.5mm armor steel @ 500m


.50 Browning Machine Gun / 12.7x99 NATO (Lake City M33)

• 660gr / 2910 fps / 12413 ft.lbs.

• Common worldwide (NATO standard), expensive

• MIL cartridge - anti-material - very high power

• Penetration: 8mm armor steel @ 500m


12 Gauge Shotshell (Remington 2-3/4")

• 00 Buckshot: 9 pellets / 1325 fps

• Rifled Slug: 1oz / 1560 fps / 2361 ft.lbs.

• Extremely common worldwide, inexpensive

• CIV cartridge - anti-personnel and effective against most animals - wide range of power

• Wide variety of lethal, non-lethal and exotic ammunition available


There are a lot of accessories that can be added and gunsmith modifications that can be performed on common long guns to enhance their ergonomics and accuracy. 


Common accessories you can add yourself include:


• Tritium night sights

• Tech-Sights iron sight upgrades

• Scopes and red-dot optics (and comb risers if necessary)

• Lights

• Fixed, folding and telescopic stocks

• Pistol grips and foregrips

• Flash hiders and muzzle brakes (and sound suppressors after an intrusive background check and $200 tax)

• Extended/oversized mag releases, charging handles, bolt knobs, bolt releases, and safety selectors

• 37mm flare launchers

• Bipods

• Slings

• Stowable cleaning kits

• Magpul magazine enhancements


Common modifications requiring the services of a qualified gunsmith include:


• Replacing a factory barrel with a high-grade / heavy barrel (for increased accuracy)

• Barrel threading (to accept flash hiders, muzzle brakes and sound suppressors)

• Barrel recrowning (machining the muzzle end of the barrel for propper bullet exit)

• Barrel fluting (to lighten a heavy barrel and/or to help a barrel cool faster)

• Barrel lapping (smoothing the inside of the barrel to remove factory imperfections)

• Trigger jobs (to smooth and lighten the trigger pull)

• Squaring/truing of bolt and action (to make them align properly)

• Glass or pillar bedding of action to stock (to prevent movement of the receiver within the stock)


As an alternative to having a gunsmith perform barrel lapping, you can use a David Tubb Final Finish kit to do the job yourself while sighting-in your new rifle. This kit will also improve the accuracy of older/used rifles. It is an excellent product at a very reasonable price.


For every semi-automatic rifle you own that accepts detachable magazines, you should own a full loadout of 10 to 13 standard-capacity magazines plus several extras as spares. Your LBE (Load Bearing Equipment) vest should have enough pouches to hold 9 to 12 mags, and you would keep the "leftover" mag inserted in your rifle.


As you can see, you have a lot of options when it comes to long guns. My advice is as follows... If you want a general purpose rifle, then choose a reliable semi-automatic rifle with good accuracy and ergonomics and which uses inexpensive/easy-to-find parts and accessories. I prefer to use iron-sights on semi-automatic rifles for fast target acquisition and to keep the firearm as light as possible. If you're going for long-range precision, then get yourself a high-end heavy-barreled bolt-action rifle, and properly mount it with a BDC scope that costs as much as the rifle itself. You can keep the barreled action in the factory stock, or install it in a quality aftermarket stock such as a McMillan, HS Precision, or MAK Enterprises. Whichever you choose, be sure the barrel is fully free-floated (makes no contact with the stock - for accuracy purposes) by sliding a piece of paper between the barrel and stock for the full length of the forend. You may also want to have the action bedded in the stock. Your long-range rifle should be chambered in a caliber greater than or equal to .308 Winchester to minimize the effects of wind and brush. If you're interested in a shotgun, I suggest choosing from the wide array of variants within the Mossberg 500/590 and Remington 870 families.

 

The following long guns, available on GunBroker, are excellent options for WROL/TEOTWAWKI:

 

 

Semi-Automatic Rifles

 

 

Barrett M82A1

• Caliber: .50 BMG

• Max effective range: 1800m

• Capacity: 10

• Length: 48" (20" barrel),  57" (29" barrel)

• Weight: 31.45lbs (20" barrel), 32.72lbs (29" barrel)

• Official use: MIL, foreign MIL

• Made in USA

Barrett M82A1

 

 

Barrett M107A1

• Caliber: .50 BMG

• Max effective range: 1800m

• Capacity: 10

• Length: 48" (20" barrel),  57" (29" barrel)

• Weight: 27.4lbs (20" barrel), 28.7lbs (29" barrel)

• Official use: MIL, foreign MIL

• Made in USA

Barrett M107A1

 


Colt M4 Carbine

• Caliber: 5.56x45 NATO

• Max effective range: 500m

• Capacity: 20/30

• Length: 31.25" (stock collapsed), 34.5" (stock extended) (16.1" barrel)

• Weight: 6.9lbs

• Official use: LE, MIL, foreign MIL

• Made in USA

Colt M4 Carbine

 


Knights Armament SR-25

• Caliber: 7.62x51 NATO / .308 Win

• Max effective range: 800m

• Capacity: 10/20

• Length: 40.5" (stock collapsed), 46.5" (stock extended) (20" barrel)

• Weight: 15.3lbs (loaded with 20rd mag)

• Official use: MIL, US Secret Service, foreign LE and MIL

• Made in USA

Knight's Armament

 


PTR-91F

• Caliber: 7.62x51 NATO / .308 Win

• Max effective range: 800m

• Capacity: 20

• Length: 40.5" (18" barrel)

• Weight: 9.7lbs

• Official use: Foreign MIL (HK G3)

• Made in USA

PTR-91F

 

 

Ruger Mini-14

• Caliber: .223 Rem / 5.56 NATO

• Max effective range: 300m

• Capacity: 5/20/30

• Length: 36.75" (16.12" barrel)

• Weight: 6.75lbs

• Official use: LE, Foreign LE

• Made in USA

Ruger Mini-14 SS Tactical

 

 

Ruger Mini-30

• Caliber: 7.62x39R

• Max effective range: 300m

• Capacity: 5/20

• Length: 36.75" (16.12" barrel)

• Weight: 6.75lbs

• Official use: N/A

• Made in USA

Ruger Mini-30 Tactical

 

 

Springfield M1A & Scout Squad

• Caliber: 7.62x51 NATO / .308 Win

• Max effective range: 460m (800m+ with optics)

• Capacity: 5/10/20

• Length: 40.3" (18" barrel)

• Weight: 8.8lbs

• Official use: MIL, foreign MIL (M-14)

• Made in USA

Springfield M1A and Scout Squad



Rimfire Rifles


Ruger 10/22

• Caliber: .22 Long Rifle

• Max effective range: 150m

• Capacity: 10/25

• Length: 37" (18.5" barrel)

• Weight: 4.67lbs

• Official use: N/A

• Made in USA

Ruger 10/22 Takedown Tactical



Ruger 77/22

• Caliber: .22 Long Rifle

• Max effective range: 150m

• Capacity: 10/25 (10/22 magazine)

• Length: 39.25" (20" barrel)

• Weight: 6lbs

• Official use: N/A

• Made in USA

Ruger 77/22



Bolt-Action Rifles

 

 

Barrett M95

• Caliber: .50 BMG

• Max effective range: 1800m

• Capacity: 5

• Length: 45" (29" barrel)

• Weight: 23.5lbs

• Official use: foreign MIL

• Made in USA

Barret M95

 

 

Remington 700

• Caliber: Short Action available in .223 Rem and .308 Win / Long Action available in .30-06 Spr

• Max effective range: 600m (.223 Rem), 1000m (.308 Win and .30-06 Spr)

• Capacity: 4

• Length: 41.5"+ (20", 22", 24" and 26" barrels)

• Weight: 8.09lbs+

• Official use: LE, MIL, US Border Patrol, foreign LE and MIL

• Made in USA

Remington 700 5R

 

 

Ruger Gunsite Scout (best alternative to a general-purpose semi-auto)

• Caliber: 7.62x51 NATO / .308 Win

• Max effective range: 400m+

• Capacity: 10

• Length: 39.5" - 41" (18" barrel)

• Weight: 7.1lbs

• Official use: N/A

• Made in USA

Ruger Gunsite Scout

 

 

Ruger Precision Rifle

• Caliber: 7.62x51 NATO / .308 Win

• Max effective range: 1400m+

• Capacity: 5/10/20

• Length: 38.25" - 41.75" (20" barrel)

• Weight: 9.7lbs

• Official use: N/A

• Made in USA

Ruger Precision Rifle

 

 

Shotguns

 

 

Mossberg 590A1

• Caliber: 12 Gauge

• Max effective range: 50m with buckshot / 100m with slugs

• Capacity: 5+1 (18.5"), 8+1 (20") (2-3/4" shells)

• Length:  39.5" (18.5" barrel), 41" (20" barrel)

• Weight: 7.25lbs

• Official use: LE, MIL, foreign MIL

• Made in USA

Mossberg 590A1

 

 

Remington 870 Express Tactical

• Caliber: 12 Gauge

• Max effective range: 50m with buckshot / 100m with slugs

• Capacity: 6+1 (2-3/4" or 3" shells)

• Length:  38.5" (18.5" barrel)

• Weight: 7.5lbs

• Official use: IRS, LE, MIL, US Border Patrol, US Dept of Education, US Secret Service, foreign LE and MIL

• Made in USA

Remington 870 Express Tactical